India to surpass China as the most populous country in 2023

India is set to overtake China as the world’s most populous country in 2023, with a population count of over 1.4 billion this year, a United Nations report said on Monday. Efficiency will challenge economic growth.

The report released on World Population Day said that by November 15 this year the world population is projected to reach 8 billion, which may increase to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 10.4 billion in 2100, according to the report released on World Population Day. Having said.

The United Nations expects the global population to grow to 8 billion on 15 November and 8.5 billion by 2030. More than half the projected growth between now and 2050 is expected to occur in just eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania according to a report titled World Population Prospects 2022.

The report said China is expected to experience a complete decline in its population by early next year. A Chinese official estimated earlier this year that the country’s population could peak by 2022 as its population of 1.41 billion grew at the slowest pace since the 1950s, according to government data. An earlier report predicted that India would overtake China by 2027.

Low mortality and demographic changes could ensure that Central and Southern Asia becomes the world’s most populous region by 2037. The numbers in sub-Saharan Africa could nearly double to surpass 2 billion by the end of the 2040s. Population growth rates in Europe and North America were nearly zero in 2020 and 2021, data show.

The global population is expected to grow to 9.7 billion in 2050 and 10.4 billion in 2100, lower than the United Nations’ 2019 estimate of 11 billion. In India, the total fertility rate could be 1.29 births per woman by 2100, instead of the UN’s earlier estimate of 1.69 births, according to the report, which cites data from the Institute for Health Metrics and Assessment.

The report states that the number of women and men is expected to be equal by 2050 as the current global number of women at 49.7% is expected to be reversed, compared to 50.3% of men. It states that sustained high fertility and rapid population growth present challenges for achieving sustainable development.

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