Only 16% of human trafficking cases in 2021 saw convictions: NCRB data

According to the latest report of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the conviction rate in human trafficking cases across the country is consistently low. While police filed charge sheets in 84.7 percent of the 2,189 cases registered under Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs) across the country in 2021, convictions resulted in only 16 percent of the cases.

While conviction figures were not available for 11 states, eight states and three union territories did not have any convictions. The top performer was Jharkhand, which saw the conviction in 84.2 percent of the 92 cases registered in 2021.

In 2020, police filed charge sheets in 85.2 percent of the 1,714 trafficking cases registered, but convicted in only 10.6 percent of the total cases. Seven states reported no convictions, while two reported conviction rates of less than 2 percent.

In 2019, a total of 2,260 human trafficking cases were registered, of which police filed charge sheets in 83.7 percent, while convictions were made in 22 percent. Four states did not report convictions at all.

The states and union territories that reported zero convictions in 2021 are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Odisha, Telangana, Delhi, Chandigarh, and Jammu and Kashmir. Of these, the police filed the final charge sheet in more than 90 percent of the cases in Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, and Telangana; Goa and Haryana account for more than 80 percent of the cases.

Telangana (347 cases), Maharashtra (320 cases), and Assam (203 cases) reported the maximum number of trafficking cases.

In the last three years, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana have reported the highest number of human trafficking cases, followed by Assam, Jharkhand, Kerala, Odisha, and Rajasthan. Barring Telangana, all states saw a decline in cases in 2020, the first year of the pandemic that saw a lockdown.


Hi, my name is Nisha and I'm an educational journalist based in India. I've always been passionate about the power of education to transform lives, and that's what led me to pursue a career in journalism focused on this area. I completed my Bachelor's degree in English from Hindu College in Delhi in 2013 and then went on to earn my Master's in Journalism and Mass Communication from the Indian Institute of Mass Communication in 2017. During my studies, I also completed several short-term courses on Education in India, Sociology, and other related subjects to deepen my knowledge in this field. I'm particularly interested in improving access to quality education in rural areas, where students often face significant challenges. I've worked on a number of initiatives to address this issue, including advocating for better policies, resources, and practices that can make a difference. As an educational journalist, I'm passionate about using my platform to highlight important issues in the education space. I've covered a wide range of topics, including the impact of technology in the classroom, innovative approaches to teaching and learning, and the challenges facing students from marginalized communities. One of the things I love most about my work is the opportunity to constantly learn and grow. I'm an avid reader and believe that reading is key to expanding one's knowledge and perspective. I'm always seeking out new ideas and insights to help me better understand the world around me. In summary, as an educational journalist, I'm dedicated to using my skills and expertise to make a positive impact in the field of education. I'm committed to improving access to quality education for all students and to using my platform to raise awareness about important issues in this area.

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