Testing of Electric Vehicles to Begin April 1 to Set Uniform Safety Standards – Newslength
For the first time, India is set to start testing electric vehicles (EVs) from April 1 next year, and the government has mandated the Pune-based Automotive Analysis Affiliation of India (ARAI) to acquire the necessary infrastructure for battery-powered testing.
The Ministry of Heavy Industries is understood to have allocated Rs 44 crore to ARAI for arranging the necessary infrastructure for testing, certification and improvement of electric and hybrid vehicles. A senior government official told The Sunday Specific that a new testing program for EVs is envisaged to be in place.
This comes amid consideration of several incidents of fire in electric two-wheelers and four-wheelers in the current months.
India has no centralized testing facilities for electric vehicles, and manufacturers have their standards. In June, as part of the first significant step towards standardization of battery technology, the Bureau of Indian Requirements released efficiency criteria for lithium-ion battery packs and traction technologies by comprehensive ISO norms.
The proposed test infrastructure at ARAI is more likely to have displays for thermal diffusion involving battery cells, battery administration technology, onboard chargers, battery pack design and internal cell short circuits, which can result in fires in EVs.
“We have chosen ARAI as they have better systems to implement this testing system. EV technology is ready to be developed, and we will add more agencies for testing as and when required,” said the highest-ranking official, who did not wish to be accredited.
The official said the business had been given additional time to arrange for security laws, which is an essential step towards addressing the concerns of potential patrons.
ARAI currently provides a variety of certification and homologation providers for automotive automobiles, technology and parts and helps establish automobile inspection and certification centres across the country as well as in building automotive business requirements and harmonizing laws. Assists the federal government.
Testing & know-how
Globally, not a single EV is customary. International locations in Japan, China, Europe and North America have security requirements that promote criteria in 4 key areas: safety, charging connectors, charging topology and charging-related communications. India broadly follows the same philosophy for its testing needs – updating the technology as it develops.
Late last month, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways extended the rollout of amendments to electric automobile battery testing requirements to a two-phased implementation program over the next six months, from October 1, 2022.
The EV battery testing requirements amendments – Automotive Business Requirements-156 (or AIS-156) and AIS-038 – will likely come into force in two phases: the first part from December 1, 2022, and the second part from March 31, 2023.
The AIS-156 includes L-class motor vehicles with fewer than four wheels and an electric powertrain. The second revision – AIS-038 – regulates automobiles with electric power trains for the M class (these with four wheels and used to hold passengers) and the N class (electrical four-wheelers for each item and passengers).
However, electric two-wheeler manufacturers such as Ola Electrical, Okinawa Autotech and PureEV have been forced to recall their scooters in the wake of the fire incidents. Causes of fire can include manufacturing defects in the battery management system, external damage or defects in deployment. In some cases, faulty charging can also be the reason.
The EV testing push compliments the government’s focus on electric vehicles and a variety of other gasoline, a significant aim of which is to cut its crude import bill.
The government has had partial success – exorbitant gas prices have also helped in the transition – with companies such as Tata Motors, MG and Hyundai Motor having EV models in the markets.
According to government data, India had over 1.3 million electric vehicles as of June – more than half are three-wheelers; Most of the remaining automobiles are two-wheelers, with four-wheelers remaining.
The country’s largest carmaker Maruti Suzuki is yet to launch an available electric vehicle in the market. However, it is working closely with Toyota Kirloskar Motor to develop battery electric automobiles in India. The company has also indicated that it may stop making pure-play petrol vehicles within the next ten years and consider becoming an all-new fashion with some electric powertrain assistance, including a powerful hybrid line-up.
Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari have said that the government is focusing on going completely electric in terms of new car sales in the country by 2030.